Multispectral photoacoustic decomposition with localized regularization for detecting targeted contrast agent

Behnoosh Tavakoli, Ying Chen, Xiaoyu Guo, Hyun Jae Kang, Martin Pomper, Emad M. Boctor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


Targeted contrast agents can improve the sensitivity of imaging systems for cancer detection and monitoring the treatment. In order to accurately detect contrast agent concentration from photoacoustic images, we developed a decomposition algorithm to separate photoacoustic absorption spectrum into components from individual absorbers. In this study, we evaluated novel prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) targeted agents for imaging prostate cancer. Three agents were synthesized through conjugating PSMA-targeting urea with optical dyes ICG, IRDye800CW and ATTO740 respectively. In our preliminary PA study, dyes were injected in a thin wall plastic tube embedded in water tank. The tube was illuminated with pulsed laser light using a tunable Q-switch ND-YAG laser. PA signal along with the B-mode ultrasound images were detected with a diagnostic ultrasound probe in orthogonal mode. PA spectrums of each dye at 0.5 to 20 μM concentrations were estimated using the maximum PA signal extracted from images which are obtained at illumination wavelengths of 700nm-850nm. Subsequently, we developed nonnegative linear least square optimization method along with localized regularization to solve the spectral unmixing. The algorithm was tested by imaging mixture of those dyes. The concentration of each dye was estimated with about 20% error on average from almost all mixtures albeit the small separation between dyes spectrums.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhotons Plus Ultrasound
Subtitle of host publicationImaging and Sensing 2015
EditorsAlexander A. Oraevsky, Lihong V. Wang
ISBN (Electronic)9781628414134
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventPhotons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2015 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Feb 8 2015Feb 10 2015

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


OtherPhotons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco


  • Multispectral
  • Photoacoustic
  • Prostate cancer
  • Spectral decomposition
  • Targeted agent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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