Multiplex assays for biomarker research and clinical application: Translational science coming of age

Qin Fu, Florian S. Schoenhoff, William J. Savage, Pingbo Zhang, Jennifer E. van Eyk

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Over the last decade, translational science has come into the focus of academic medicine, and significant intellectual and financial efforts have been made to initiate a multitude of benchto-bedside projects. The quest for suitable biomarkers that will significantly change clinical practice has become one of the biggest challenges in translational medicine. Quantitative measurement of proteins is a critical step in biomarker discovery. Assessing a large number of potential protein biomarkers in a statistically significant number of samples and controls still constitutes a major technical hurdle. Multiplexed analysis offers significant advantages regarding time, reagent cost, sample requirements and the amount of data that can be generated. The two contemporary approaches in multiplexed and quantitative biomarker validation, antibody-based immunoassays and MS-based multiple (or selected) reaction monitoring, are based on different assay principles and instrument requirements. Both approaches have their own advantages and disadvantages and therefore have complementary roles in the multi-staged biomarker verification and validation process. In this review, we discuss quantitative immunoassay and multiple reaction monitoring/selected reaction monitoring assay principles and development. We also discuss choosing an appropriate platform, judging the performance of assays, obtaining reliable, quantitative results for translational research and clinical applications in the biomarker field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-284
Number of pages14
JournalProteomics - Clinical Applications
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • Immunoassay
  • Multiple reaction monitoring
  • Multiplex assay
  • Quantitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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