Multiple coding of species-specific vocalizations in the auditory cortex of squirrel monkeys

John D. Newman, Zvi Wollberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Eighty-three cells in the superior temporal gyrus of awake squirrel monkeys were tested with 12 different species-specific vocalizations; 75 (90%) responded to one or more calls. A wide range of selectivity and response probabilities were seen. Eighty-nine percent of the cells responded to more than half of the vocalizations. In only one case did a cell respond to only one call type ('peep'). This cell also responded to steady tone bursts, but only in a narrow range of frequencies approximating the major band of acoustic energy in peeps. In most cases, no obvious acoustic relationships were seen between calls effective for a given cell. Likewise, in most cases the frequency range over which a cell responded to steady tone bursts did not readily explain responses to vocalizations. More than half of the cells discriminated between one or more pairs of acoustically similar vocalizations. The response patterns of different cells to the same vocalization showed considerable variety. This was especially true for responses to the temporally more complex calls. The variety of responses given by different cells to the same vocalization suggests that no vocalization is coded by one unique discharge pattern. Our results suggest that many neurons in the STG do not select between different classes of vocalizations according to presence or absence of simple acoustic features.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-304
Number of pages18
JournalBrain Research
Volume54
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - May 17 1973
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Saimiri
Auditory Cortex
Acoustics
Temporal Lobe
Neurons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Multiple coding of species-specific vocalizations in the auditory cortex of squirrel monkeys. / Newman, John D.; Wollberg, Zvi.

In: Brain Research, Vol. 54, No. C, 17.05.1973, p. 287-304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Newman, John D. ; Wollberg, Zvi. / Multiple coding of species-specific vocalizations in the auditory cortex of squirrel monkeys. In: Brain Research. 1973 ; Vol. 54, No. C. pp. 287-304.
@article{c20f0dbcdfd34808ae2cdbde14d01966,
title = "Multiple coding of species-specific vocalizations in the auditory cortex of squirrel monkeys",
abstract = "Eighty-three cells in the superior temporal gyrus of awake squirrel monkeys were tested with 12 different species-specific vocalizations; 75 (90{\%}) responded to one or more calls. A wide range of selectivity and response probabilities were seen. Eighty-nine percent of the cells responded to more than half of the vocalizations. In only one case did a cell respond to only one call type ('peep'). This cell also responded to steady tone bursts, but only in a narrow range of frequencies approximating the major band of acoustic energy in peeps. In most cases, no obvious acoustic relationships were seen between calls effective for a given cell. Likewise, in most cases the frequency range over which a cell responded to steady tone bursts did not readily explain responses to vocalizations. More than half of the cells discriminated between one or more pairs of acoustically similar vocalizations. The response patterns of different cells to the same vocalization showed considerable variety. This was especially true for responses to the temporally more complex calls. The variety of responses given by different cells to the same vocalization suggests that no vocalization is coded by one unique discharge pattern. Our results suggest that many neurons in the STG do not select between different classes of vocalizations according to presence or absence of simple acoustic features.",
author = "Newman, {John D.} and Zvi Wollberg",
year = "1973",
month = "5",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1016/0006-8993(73)90050-4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "54",
pages = "287--304",
journal = "Brain Research",
issn = "0006-8993",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "C",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multiple coding of species-specific vocalizations in the auditory cortex of squirrel monkeys

AU - Newman, John D.

AU - Wollberg, Zvi

PY - 1973/5/17

Y1 - 1973/5/17

N2 - Eighty-three cells in the superior temporal gyrus of awake squirrel monkeys were tested with 12 different species-specific vocalizations; 75 (90%) responded to one or more calls. A wide range of selectivity and response probabilities were seen. Eighty-nine percent of the cells responded to more than half of the vocalizations. In only one case did a cell respond to only one call type ('peep'). This cell also responded to steady tone bursts, but only in a narrow range of frequencies approximating the major band of acoustic energy in peeps. In most cases, no obvious acoustic relationships were seen between calls effective for a given cell. Likewise, in most cases the frequency range over which a cell responded to steady tone bursts did not readily explain responses to vocalizations. More than half of the cells discriminated between one or more pairs of acoustically similar vocalizations. The response patterns of different cells to the same vocalization showed considerable variety. This was especially true for responses to the temporally more complex calls. The variety of responses given by different cells to the same vocalization suggests that no vocalization is coded by one unique discharge pattern. Our results suggest that many neurons in the STG do not select between different classes of vocalizations according to presence or absence of simple acoustic features.

AB - Eighty-three cells in the superior temporal gyrus of awake squirrel monkeys were tested with 12 different species-specific vocalizations; 75 (90%) responded to one or more calls. A wide range of selectivity and response probabilities were seen. Eighty-nine percent of the cells responded to more than half of the vocalizations. In only one case did a cell respond to only one call type ('peep'). This cell also responded to steady tone bursts, but only in a narrow range of frequencies approximating the major band of acoustic energy in peeps. In most cases, no obvious acoustic relationships were seen between calls effective for a given cell. Likewise, in most cases the frequency range over which a cell responded to steady tone bursts did not readily explain responses to vocalizations. More than half of the cells discriminated between one or more pairs of acoustically similar vocalizations. The response patterns of different cells to the same vocalization showed considerable variety. This was especially true for responses to the temporally more complex calls. The variety of responses given by different cells to the same vocalization suggests that no vocalization is coded by one unique discharge pattern. Our results suggest that many neurons in the STG do not select between different classes of vocalizations according to presence or absence of simple acoustic features.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0015699302&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0015699302&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0006-8993(73)90050-4

DO - 10.1016/0006-8993(73)90050-4

M3 - Article

C2 - 4196750

AN - SCOPUS:0015699302

VL - 54

SP - 287

EP - 304

JO - Brain Research

JF - Brain Research

SN - 0006-8993

IS - C

ER -