Multiparametric MRI ISODATA ischemic lesion analysis: Correlation with the clinical neurological deficit and single-parameter MRI techniques

Panayiotis D. Mitsias, Michael A. Jacobs, Rabih Hammoud, Mamatha Pasnoor, Sunitha Santhakumar, Nikolaos I.H. Papamitsakis, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Mei Lu, Michael Chopp, Suresh C. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Purpose - The purpose of this study was to show that the computer segmentation algorithm Iterative Self-Organizing Data Analysis Technique (ISODATA), which integrates multiple MRI parameters (diffusion-weighted imaging [DWI], T2-weighted imaging [T2WI], and T1-weighted imaging [T1WI]) into a single composite image, is capable of defining the ischemic lesion in a time-independent manner equally as well as the MRI techniques considered the best for each phase after stroke onset (ie, perfusion weighted imaging [PWI] and DWI for the acute phase and T2WI for the outcome phase). Methods - We measured MRI parameters of PWI, DWI, T2WI, and T1WI from patients at the acute phase (<30 hours) and DWI, T2WI, and T1WI at the outcome phase (3 months) of ischemic stroke. The clinical neurological deficit was graded with the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). We compared the ISODATA lesion size with the PWI, DWI, and T2WI lesion sizes measured within the same slice at each phase. The lesion sizes were also correlated with NIHSS score of each phase. Results - We included 11 patients; 9 (82%) were women, and 7 (64%) were black. The mean±SD age was 65.5±9.3 years (range, 45 to 82 years). The median NIHSS score was 15 (minimum, 4; maximum, 24)at the acute phase and 3 (minimum, 0; maximum, 22) at the outcome phase. The median time interval from stroke symptom onset to the acute MRI study was 10 hours (range, 6 to 29 hours), and the mean time interval to the outcome study was 93±11 days (range, 72 to 106 days). In the acute phase, the ISODATA lesion size had high correlation with the PWI lesion size (r=0.95; 95% CI, 0.89 to 0.98; P<0.0001), DWI lesion size (r=0,83; 95% CI, 0.66 to 0.92; P<0.0001), and T2WI lesion size (r=0.67; 95% CI, 0.39 to 0.84; P=0.008) and moderate correlation with NIHSS score (r=0.59; 95% CI, 0.02 to 0.88; P=0.06). In the outcome phase, the ISODATA lesion size had high correlation with the T2WI lesion size (r=0.97; 95% CI, 0.94 to 0.99; P<0.0001) and NIHSS score (r=0.78; 95% CI, 0.34 to 0.94; P=0.004). Conclusions - The integrated ISODATA method can identify and characterize the ischemic lesion independently of time elapsed since stroke onset. The ISODATA lesion size highly correlates with the PWI and DWI lesion size in the acute phase and with the T2WI lesion size in the outcome phase of ischemic stroke, as well as with the clinical neurological status of the patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2839-2844
Number of pages6
JournalStroke
Volume33
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

Keywords

  • Imaging processing, computer assisted
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Stroke, ischemic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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