Multimodality therapy with a replication-conditional herpes simplex virus 1 mutant that expresses yeast cytosine deaminase for intratumoral conversion of 5-fluorocytosine to 5-fluorouracil

H. Nakamura, J. T. Mullen, S. Chandrasekhar, T. M. Pawlik, S. S. Yoon, K. K. Tanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Infection of tumor cells hy herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) results in cell destruction and production of progeny virion in a process referred to as viral oncolysis. In this study, an HSV-1 mutant (HSV1yCD) was engineered such that the viral ribonucleotide reductase gene is disrupted by sequences encoding yeast cytosine deaminase, which efficiently metabolizes the prodrug 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). HSV1yCD-infected cells convert 5-FC to 5-FU, which enhances cytotoxicity without significantly reducing viral replication and oncolysis. Oncolysis by a replicating HSV-1 mutant combined with therapeutic transgene delivery represents a new paradigm; HSV1yCD-infected cells are destroyed by viral replication, and uninfected cells are subjected to bystander killing from both progeny virion and extracellular diffusion of 5-FU. In contrast, HSV1yCD-mediated bioactivation of another prodrug, ganciclovir, impairs viral replication. HSVlyCD administered into the portal venous system replicates preferentially in liver metastases rather than normal liver. The anti-neoplastic activity of HSV1yCD combined with systemic 5-FC administration is greater than that achieved with HSV-1 replication alone. Combination oncolysis and prodrug bioactivation leads to significant prolongation of survival in mice with diffuse liver metastases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5447-5452
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume61
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 15 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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