Multimodal Pain Management for Major Joint Replacement Surgery

Victoria M. Goode, Brett Morgan, Virginia C. Muckler, Michael P. Cary, Christine E. Zdeb, Michael Zychowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Effective pain management for orthopaedic major joint replacement is key to achieving earlier recovery, better functioning, and high rates of patient satisfaction. In an effort to decrease opioid dependency, practitioners are turning to multimodal pain management, which involves the use of multiple analgesic agents and techniques. To utilize this technique, a patient's history of and preoperative consumption of medications to treat pain impacts the success of this regimen. Multimodal pain management involves the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, acetaminophen, N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonists, gabapentin, serotonin inhibitors, regional techniques, and opioids as needed. It is necessary for the nurse to understand the mechanism of pain and how the multimodal adjuncts target the pain response to benefit the patient's perioperative course as well as his or her postoperative and discharge management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)150-156
Number of pages7
JournalOrthopaedic Nursing
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Goode, V. M., Morgan, B., Muckler, V. C., Cary, M. P., Zdeb, C. E., & Zychowicz, M. (2019). Multimodal Pain Management for Major Joint Replacement Surgery. Orthopaedic Nursing, 38(2), 150-156. https://doi.org/10.1097/NOR.0000000000000525