Multifocal nitrous oxide cryoballoon ablation with or without EMR for treatment of neoplastic Barrett's esophagus (with video)

Marcia Irene Canto, Nicholas J. Shaheen, Jose Alejandro Almario, Lysandra Voltaggio, Elizabeth A Montgomery, Charles J. Lightdale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Aims: Endoscopic cryotherapy can eradicate neoplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE). A new contact cryoballoon focal ablation system (CbFAS)) freezes esophageal mucosa with nitrous oxide. We studied the safety and efficacy of CbFAS for complete eradication of neoplastic Barrett's esophagus. Methods: In a prospective clinical trial, consecutive BE patients with confirmed neoplasia (low-grade dysplasia [LGD], high-grade dysplasia [HGD], and/or intramucosal adenocarcinoma [ImCA]), at least 1 cm of BE, with or without prior ablation, were treated with a dose 10 seconds of spray per site. EMR was performed for nodular lesions. Treatments were repeated every 10 to 12 weeks until complete eradication, with a maximum of 5 treatments. Primary outcomes were complete eradication of all dysplasia (CE-D) and complete eradication of intestinal metaplasia (CE-IM) at 1 year (intention-to-treat analysis). Results: Forty-one assessable patients (22 treatment naive, 19 previously ablated) with LGD (n = 13), HGD (n = 23), or ImCA (n = 5) were treated. The median procedure time was 30 minutes. The median number of ablation procedures for CE-IM was 3 (interquartile range, 2-4). Overall 1-year CE-D and CE-IM rates were 95% and 88%, respectively. CE-D rate was significantly lower (67%) in those with ultra-long BE compared with those with <8 cm (100%, P =.02). Median pain scores were zero at day 1. Four patients (9.7%) developed mild dysphagia from stenoses requiring dilation. One patient on aspirin developed upper GI bleeding that did not require therapy. Conclusions: Multifocal nitrous oxide cryotherapy using CbFAS is a promising, highly effective, and safe endoscopic treatment for primary or rescue therapy of BE-associated neoplasia and IM. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT02534233.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGastrointestinal Endoscopy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology

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