Multidisciplinary team approach in the management of tracheostomy patients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. To examine whether the implementation of a multidisciplinary percutaneous tracheostomy team decreases complications, improves efficiency in patient care, and reduces length of stay and cost in patients undergoing percutaneous tracheostomy. Study Design. Case series with planned data collection. Setting. Urban, academic, tertiary care medical center. Subjects and Methods. Patients who underwent a percutaneous tracheostomy in 2004 and 2008, before and after the formation of a multidisciplinary percutaneous tracheostomy team, were included in the study. Data for the study were retrieved from a tracheostomy database. Measured outcomes include complications, efficiency, length of stay, and cost. Results. Complications such as airway bleeding and physiological disturbances decreased significantly in 2008 as compared with 2004. The percentage of patients who received a tracheostomy within 2 days increased from 42.3% to 92% (2004 vs 2008), showing improvement in efficiency of care. There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of infection rate, length of stay, or mortality. However, in a subanalysis, the length of stay was found to be decreased in patients whose primary diagnosis was a neurological disorder. Finally, despite the necessity of a hospital-based subsidy, the team approach yielded substantial financial benefit to the medical center. Conclusions. Airway bleeding, physiological disturbances, and efficiency of care improved after the institution of a multidisciplinary percutaneous tracheostomy team approach and may have a favorable impact on health care costs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)684-691
Number of pages8
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Volume147
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012

Keywords

  • critically ill patients
  • mechanical ventilation
  • multidisciplinary team
  • percutaneous tracheostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Multidisciplinary team approach in the management of tracheostomy patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this