Multidimensional liquid chromatography separation of intact proteins by chromatographic focusing and reversed phase of the human serum proteome: Optimization and protein database

Simon Sheng, Dawn Chen, Jennifer E. Van Eyk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In biomarker discovery, the detection of proteins with low abundance in the serum proteome can be achieved by optimization of protein separation methods as well as selective depletion of the higher abundance proteins such as immunoglobins (e.g. IgG) and albumin. A relative newcomer to the proteomic separation arena is the commercial instrument PF2D from Beckman Coulter that separates proteins in the first dimension using chromatofocusing followed in line by reversed phase chromatography in the second dimension, thereby separating intact proteins based on pl and hydrophobicity. In this study, assessment and optimization of serum separation (undepleted serum and albumin-IgG-depleted serum) by the PF2D is presented. Protein databases were created for serum obtained from a healthy individual under traditional and optimized methods and under different sample preparation protocols. Separation of the doubly depleted serum using the PF2D with 20% isopropanol present in the first dimension running buffer allowed us to unambiguously identify 150 non-redundant serum proteins (excluding all immunoglobulin and albumin, a minimum of two peptide matches with acceptable Mascot score) in which 81 have not been identified previously in serum. Among them, numerous cellular proteins were identified to be specifically the skeletal muscle isoform, such as skeletal muscle fast twitch isoforms of troponin T, myosin alkali light chain 1, and sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase. The detection of specific skeletal muscle protein isoforms in the serum from healthy individuals reflects the physiological turnover that occurs in skeletal muscle, which will have an impact on the ability to use generic "cellular" proteins as biomarkers without further characterization of the precise isoforms or post-translational modifications present.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-34
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Proteomics
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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