Purpose: To determine overall response rate (ORR), time to progression (TTP), and duration of response (DOR) with twice-weekly/weekly bortezomib plus rituximab, and evaluate safety/tolerability, in patients with relapsed or refractory CD20+ follicular lymphoma (FL) or marginal-zone lymphoma. Patients and Methods: Patients were randomly assigned (minimization method) to bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 twice weekly (days 1, 4, 8, and 11; 21-day cycle, five cycles; arm A) or bortezomib 1.6 mg/m2 weekly (days 1, 8, 15, and 22; 35-day cycle, three cycles; arm B) plus rituximab 375 mg/m 2 weekly for 4 weeks (both arms). Response/progression was determined by International Workshop Response Criteria using oncologist/radiologist- adjudicated data from independent radiology review and investigator assessment. Results: Eighty-one patients (arm A, n = 41; arm B, n = 40) were enrolled. Dose-intensity was higher in arm A; mean total bortezomib received was similar between arms (18.5 and 17.1 mg/m2). In arm A, ORR was 49% (14% complete response [CR]/CR unconfirmed [CRu]), median TTP was 7.0 months, and median DOR was not reached. In arm B, ORR was 43% (10% CR/CRu), and median TTP/DOR were 10.0/9.3 months. The weekly combination regimen seemed better tolerated. Grade 3 or worse adverse events seemed more common in arm A (54%) versus arm B (35%), including thrombocytopenia (10% v 0%) and peripheral neuropathy (10% v 5%), but diarrhea seemed less frequent (7% v 15%). No grade 4 toxicities were reported in arm B. Conclusion: Both bortezomib plus rituximab regimens seem feasible in relapsed or refractory indolent lymphomas. The more convenient weekly combination regimen is being compared with singleagent rituximab in an ongoing phase III study in relapsed FL.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research