Multicenter evaluation of BBL CHROMagar MRSA medium for direct detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from surveillance cultures of the anterior nares

Diane Flayhart, Janet F. Hindler, David A. Bruckner, Geraldine Hall, Rabin K. Shrestha, Sherilynn A. Vogel, Sandra S. Richter, Wanita Howard, Rhonda Walther, Karen C Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Active surveillance for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is among the strategies recommended by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America for control of nosocomial MRSA infections. Infection control and laboratory personnel desire rapid, sensitive, and inexpensive methods to enhance surveillance activities. A multicenter study was performed to evaluate a new selective and differential chromogenic medium, BBL CHROMagar MRSA (C-MRSA) medium (BD Diagnostics, Sparks, MD), which enables recovery and concomitant identification of MRSA strains directly from nasal swab specimens taken from the anterior nares. Specimens were inoculated to C-MRSA and Trypticase soy agar with 5% sheep blood agar (TSA II, BD Diagnostics). Mauve colonies on C-MRSA at 24 h and 48 h and suspicious colonies on TSA II were confirmed as Staphylococcus aureus by Gram stain morphology and a coagulase test. In addition, the results of C-MRSA were compared to results of susceptibility testing (five different methods) of S. aureus strains isolated on TSA II. A total of 2,015 specimens were inoculated to C-MRSA and TSA II. Three hundred fifty-four S. aureus isolates were recovered; 208 (59%) were oxacillin (methicillin) susceptible and 146 (41%) were oxacillin resistant (MRSA). On C-MRSA, 139/146 or 95.2% of MRSA isolates were recovered, whereas recovery on TSA II was 86.9% (127/146) (P = 0.0027). The overall specificity of C-MRSA was 99.7%. When C-MRSA was compared to each susceptibility testing method, the sensitivity and specificity, respectively, were as follows: oxacillin MIC by broth microdilution, 94.4% and 96.7%; oxacillin screen agar, 94.3% and 96.7%; PBP2′ latex agglutination, 93.7% and 98.5%; cefoxitin disk diffusion, 95.0% and 98.1%; and mecA PCR, 95.1% and 98.1%. In this study, C-MRSA was superior to TSA II for recovery of MRSA from surveillance specimens obtained from the anterior nares and was comparable to conventional, rapid, and molecular susceptibility methods for the identification of MRSA isolates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5536-5540
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume43
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2005

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Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Oxacillin
Agar
Staphylococcus aureus
Laboratory Personnel
Cefoxitin
Methicillin
Coagulase
Agglutination
Latex
Infection Control
Nose
Multicenter Studies
Sheep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Microbiology

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Multicenter evaluation of BBL CHROMagar MRSA medium for direct detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from surveillance cultures of the anterior nares. / Flayhart, Diane; Hindler, Janet F.; Bruckner, David A.; Hall, Geraldine; Shrestha, Rabin K.; Vogel, Sherilynn A.; Richter, Sandra S.; Howard, Wanita; Walther, Rhonda; Carroll, Karen C.

In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Vol. 43, No. 11, 11.2005, p. 5536-5540.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Flayhart, Diane ; Hindler, Janet F. ; Bruckner, David A. ; Hall, Geraldine ; Shrestha, Rabin K. ; Vogel, Sherilynn A. ; Richter, Sandra S. ; Howard, Wanita ; Walther, Rhonda ; Carroll, Karen C. / Multicenter evaluation of BBL CHROMagar MRSA medium for direct detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from surveillance cultures of the anterior nares. In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2005 ; Vol. 43, No. 11. pp. 5536-5540.
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abstract = "Active surveillance for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is among the strategies recommended by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America for control of nosocomial MRSA infections. Infection control and laboratory personnel desire rapid, sensitive, and inexpensive methods to enhance surveillance activities. A multicenter study was performed to evaluate a new selective and differential chromogenic medium, BBL CHROMagar MRSA (C-MRSA) medium (BD Diagnostics, Sparks, MD), which enables recovery and concomitant identification of MRSA strains directly from nasal swab specimens taken from the anterior nares. Specimens were inoculated to C-MRSA and Trypticase soy agar with 5{\%} sheep blood agar (TSA II, BD Diagnostics). Mauve colonies on C-MRSA at 24 h and 48 h and suspicious colonies on TSA II were confirmed as Staphylococcus aureus by Gram stain morphology and a coagulase test. In addition, the results of C-MRSA were compared to results of susceptibility testing (five different methods) of S. aureus strains isolated on TSA II. A total of 2,015 specimens were inoculated to C-MRSA and TSA II. Three hundred fifty-four S. aureus isolates were recovered; 208 (59{\%}) were oxacillin (methicillin) susceptible and 146 (41{\%}) were oxacillin resistant (MRSA). On C-MRSA, 139/146 or 95.2{\%} of MRSA isolates were recovered, whereas recovery on TSA II was 86.9{\%} (127/146) (P = 0.0027). The overall specificity of C-MRSA was 99.7{\%}. When C-MRSA was compared to each susceptibility testing method, the sensitivity and specificity, respectively, were as follows: oxacillin MIC by broth microdilution, 94.4{\%} and 96.7{\%}; oxacillin screen agar, 94.3{\%} and 96.7{\%}; PBP2′ latex agglutination, 93.7{\%} and 98.5{\%}; cefoxitin disk diffusion, 95.0{\%} and 98.1{\%}; and mecA PCR, 95.1{\%} and 98.1{\%}. In this study, C-MRSA was superior to TSA II for recovery of MRSA from surveillance specimens obtained from the anterior nares and was comparable to conventional, rapid, and molecular susceptibility methods for the identification of MRSA isolates.",
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AU - Bruckner, David A.

AU - Hall, Geraldine

AU - Shrestha, Rabin K.

AU - Vogel, Sherilynn A.

AU - Richter, Sandra S.

AU - Howard, Wanita

AU - Walther, Rhonda

AU - Carroll, Karen C

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N2 - Active surveillance for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is among the strategies recommended by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America for control of nosocomial MRSA infections. Infection control and laboratory personnel desire rapid, sensitive, and inexpensive methods to enhance surveillance activities. A multicenter study was performed to evaluate a new selective and differential chromogenic medium, BBL CHROMagar MRSA (C-MRSA) medium (BD Diagnostics, Sparks, MD), which enables recovery and concomitant identification of MRSA strains directly from nasal swab specimens taken from the anterior nares. Specimens were inoculated to C-MRSA and Trypticase soy agar with 5% sheep blood agar (TSA II, BD Diagnostics). Mauve colonies on C-MRSA at 24 h and 48 h and suspicious colonies on TSA II were confirmed as Staphylococcus aureus by Gram stain morphology and a coagulase test. In addition, the results of C-MRSA were compared to results of susceptibility testing (five different methods) of S. aureus strains isolated on TSA II. A total of 2,015 specimens were inoculated to C-MRSA and TSA II. Three hundred fifty-four S. aureus isolates were recovered; 208 (59%) were oxacillin (methicillin) susceptible and 146 (41%) were oxacillin resistant (MRSA). On C-MRSA, 139/146 or 95.2% of MRSA isolates were recovered, whereas recovery on TSA II was 86.9% (127/146) (P = 0.0027). The overall specificity of C-MRSA was 99.7%. When C-MRSA was compared to each susceptibility testing method, the sensitivity and specificity, respectively, were as follows: oxacillin MIC by broth microdilution, 94.4% and 96.7%; oxacillin screen agar, 94.3% and 96.7%; PBP2′ latex agglutination, 93.7% and 98.5%; cefoxitin disk diffusion, 95.0% and 98.1%; and mecA PCR, 95.1% and 98.1%. In this study, C-MRSA was superior to TSA II for recovery of MRSA from surveillance specimens obtained from the anterior nares and was comparable to conventional, rapid, and molecular susceptibility methods for the identification of MRSA isolates.

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