Multi-site observational maternal and infant COVID-19 vaccine study (MOMI-vax): a study protocol

Flor M. Munoz, Richard H. Beigi, Christine M. Posavad, Barbra A. Richardson, Helen Y. Chu, Karin Bok, James Campbell, Cristina Cardemil, Emily DeFranco, Robert W. Frenck, Mamodikoe Makhene, Jeanna M. Piper, Jeanne Sheffield, Ashley Miller, Kathleen M. Neuzil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Pregnant women were excluded from investigational trials of COVID-19 vaccines. Limited data are available to inform pregnant and postpartum women on their decisions to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. Methods: The goal of this observational, prospective cohort study is to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of various Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) or licensed COVID-19 vaccines administered to pregnant or lactating women and describe the transplacental antibody transfer and kinetics of antibodies in mothers and infants. The study is adaptive, allowing additional groups to be added as new vaccines or vaccine regimens are authorized. Up to 20 clinical research institutions in the United States (U.S.) will be included. Approximately 200 pregnant women and 65 postpartum women will be enrolled per EUA or licensed COVID-19 vaccine formulation in the U.S. This study will include pregnant and postpartum women of all ages with and without chronic medical conditions. Their infants will be enrolled and followed beginning at birth in the pregnant cohort and beginning at the earliest possible time point in the postpartum cohort. Blood samples will be collected for immunogenicity outcomes and pregnancy and birth outcomes assessed among women and infants. Primary analyses will be descriptive and done by vaccine type and/or platform. Discussion: Given the long-standing and legitimate challenges of enrolling pregnant individuals into clinical trials early in the vaccine development pipeline, this study protocol describes our current study and provides a template to inform the collection of data for pregnant individuals receiving COVID-19 or other vaccines. Trial registration: NCT05031468.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number402
JournalBMC pregnancy and childbirth
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • COVID-19 vaccines
  • Immunogenicity
  • Infant immune responses
  • Postpartum women
  • Pregnant women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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