Multi-Institutional Experience of Stereotactic Ablative Radiation Therapy for Stage I Small Cell Lung Cancer

Vivek Verma, Charles B. Simone, Pamela K. Allen, Sameer R. Gajjar, Chirag Shah, Weining Zhen, Matthew M. Harkenrider, Christopher L. Hallemeier, Salma K. Jabbour, Chance L. Matthiesen, Steve E. Braunstein, Percy Lee, Thomas J. Dilling, Bryan G. Allen, Elizabeth M. Nichols, Albert Attia, Jing Zeng, Tithi Biswas, Peter Paximadis, Fen WangJoshua M. Walker, John M. Stahl, Megan E. Daly, Roy H. Decker, Russell K. Hales, Henning Willers, Gregory M.M. Videtic, Minesh P. Mehta, Steven H. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose For inoperable stage I (T1-T2N0) small cell lung cancer (SCLC), national guidelines recommend chemotherapy with or without conventionally fractionated radiation therapy. The present multi-institutional cohort study investigated the role of stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (SABR) for this population. Methods and Materials The clinical and treatment characteristics, toxicities, outcomes, and patterns of failure were assessed in patients with histologically confirmed stage T1-T2N0M0 SCLC. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to evaluate the survival outcomes. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified predictors of outcomes. Results From 24 institutions, 76 lesions were treated in 74 patients (median follow-up 18 months). The median age and tumor size was 72 years and 2.5 cm, respectively. Chemotherapy and prophylactic cranial irradiation were delivered in 56% and 23% of cases, respectively. The median SABR dose and fractionation was 50 Gy and 5 fractions. The 1- and 3-year local control rate was 97.4% and 96.1%, respectively. The median disease-free survival (DFS) duration was 49.7 months. The DFS rate was 58.3% and 53.2% at 1 and 3 years, respectively. The median, 1-year, and 3-year disease-specific survival was 52.3 months, 84.5%, and 64.4%, respectively. The median, 1-year, and 3-year overall survival (OS) was 17.8 months, 69.9%, and 34.0% respectively. Patients receiving chemotherapy experienced an increased median DFS (61.3 vs 9.0 months; P=.02) and OS (31.4 vs 14.3 months; P=.02). The receipt of chemotherapy independently predicted better outcomes for DFS/OS on multivariate analysis (P=.01). Toxicities were uncommon; 5.2% experienced grade ≥2 pneumonitis. Post-treatment failure was most commonly distant (45.8% of recurrence), followed by nodal (25.0%) and “elsewhere lung” (20.8%). The median time to each was 5 to 7 months. Conclusions From the findings of the largest report of SABR for stage T1-T2N0 SCLC to date, SABR (≥50 Gy) with chemotherapy should be considered a standard option.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)362-371
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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