Mucosal T cells provide helper function but do not proliferate when stimulated by specific antigen in lymphogranuloma venereum proctitis in nonhuman primates

Martin Zeitz, Thomas C. Quinn, Alan S. Graeff, Stephen P. James

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To study antigen-specific immune responses of gut-associated T lymphocytes after gastrointestinal infection, Cynomolgus monkeys were inoculated rectally with Chlamydia trachomatis of the L2 [lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)] strain. Infected monkeys developed a chronic proctitis with the appearance of LGV-specific immunoglobulin G-antibodies in the serum. Lymphocytes isolated from the peripheral blood, the spleen, and draining lymph nodes had a vigorous antigen-specific proliferative response to LGV in vitro. Both T and B cells proliferated in response to stimulation with LGV, but B-cell proliferation was T-cell-dependent, as shown by cell separation techniques and cell-cycle analysis with dual-laser flow cytometry. Lymphocytes isolated from both involved and uninvolved lamina propria did not proliferate in response to LGV stimulation, whereas mitogen-induced proliferation was not different in lamina propria lymphocytes and the other lymphocyte populations. This lack of antigen-specific proliferation was not caused by a suppressor effect of mucosal T cells or monocytes or the absence of antigen-presenting cells. In contrast, lamina propria T lymphocytes from infected animals were able to provide antigen-specific help for polyclonal immunoglobulin synthesis by immune B lymphocytes after stimulation with LGV. Thus, in LGV proctitis in monkeys, mucosal antigen-reactive T cells differ from lymphocytes in other sites in that they can provide helper function, but are not able to proliferate in response to LGV antigens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-366
Number of pages14
JournalGastroenterology
Volume94
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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