Mucolipidosis III (pseudo-hurler poly dystrophy): Multiple lysosomal enzyme abnormalities in serum and cultured fibroblast cells

George H. Thomas, Harold A. Taylor, Linda W. Reynolds, Carol S. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Four patients with the clinical findings of mucolipidosis III were studied. Cultured skin fibroblast cells from three of these four patients were low in each of the five lysosomal enzyme activities measured. The ranges of the enzyme activities in these three patients were as follows: N-acetyl-/β-glucosaminidase (11-19% of normal), β-galactosidase (26-33% of normal), α-fucosidase (31-55% of normal), a-manno- sidase (53-62% of normal), and arylsulfatase A (16-21% of normal). In contrast, marked increases in the same enzyme activities were found in serum samples from the same patients. These include N-acetyl-) β -glucosaminidase (7-16 times normal), β -galactosidase (8-11 times normal), α-fucosidase (5-10 times normal) and arylsulfatase A (14-24 times normal). Similar increases in the enzyme activities were also found in serum of patient 1; however, the changes were less dramatic. An electrophoretic analysis of one of these enzymes (N-acetyl-β-giucosaminidase) revealed an abnormal pattern in the cultured fibroblast extracts; however, the presence of a normal pattern in the serum samples suggests that this is not due to an alteration in the primary amino acid sequence. The lysosomal enzyme activities in serum and fibroblast extracts from the mucolipidosis III patients reported here are very similar to those found previously in mucolipidosis II (I-cell) patients. This suggests that the nature of the defect may be very similar in these two distinct disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)751-756
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Research
Volume7
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1973

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Mucolipidoses
Cultured Cells
Fibroblasts
Enzymes
Serum
Cerebroside-Sulfatase
Galactosidases
alpha-L-Fucosidase
Hexosaminidases
Mannosidases
Amino Acid Sequence
Skin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Mucolipidosis III (pseudo-hurler poly dystrophy) : Multiple lysosomal enzyme abnormalities in serum and cultured fibroblast cells. / Thomas, George H.; Taylor, Harold A.; Reynolds, Linda W.; Miller, Carol S.

In: Pediatric Research, Vol. 7, No. 9, 1973, p. 751-756.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Thomas, George H. ; Taylor, Harold A. ; Reynolds, Linda W. ; Miller, Carol S. / Mucolipidosis III (pseudo-hurler poly dystrophy) : Multiple lysosomal enzyme abnormalities in serum and cultured fibroblast cells. In: Pediatric Research. 1973 ; Vol. 7, No. 9. pp. 751-756.
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