MRI tracking reveals selective accumulation of stem cell-derived magneto-extracellular vesicles in sites of injury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Human stem-cell-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) are currently being investigated for cell-free therapy in regenerative medicine applications, but their biodistribution and tropic properties for homing to injured tissues are largely unknown. Here, we labeled EVs with magnetic nanoparticles to create magneto-EVs that can be tracked by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles were coated with polyhistidine tags, which enabled purification of labeled EVs by efficiently removing unencapsulated SPIO particles in the solution. The biodistribution of systemically injected human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived magneto-EV was assessed in three different animal models of kidney injury and myocardial ischemia. Magneto-EVs were found to selectively home to the injury sites and conferred substantial protection in a kidney injury model. In vivo MRI tracking of magnetically labeled EVs represents a new powerful method to assess and quantify their whole-body distribution, which may help optimize further development of EV-based cell-free therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 23 2019

Keywords

  • acute kidney injury
  • extracellular vesicle
  • iPSC
  • magnetic nanoparticle
  • MRI
  • stem cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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