MRI of the bowel — beyond inflammatory bowel disease

A. Judit Machnitz, Janet R. Reid, Michael R. Acord, Asef B. Khwaja, David M. Biko, Rama S. Ayyala, Sudha A. Anupindi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

MR enterography is traditionally used to evaluate inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) both at initial presentation and at follow-up. MR enterography can also be used to evaluate non-IBD conditions such as polyps or other masses of the gastrointestinal tract. In this article, we emphasize how to recognize bowel conditions beyond IBD on conventional abdominal MRI without a specific enterographic technique. In this overview we discuss common and uncommon pediatric bowel conditions beyond IBD seen on MRI including infectious and inflammatory conditions, congenital diseases and tumor and tumor-like conditions. Radiologists should become familiar with the salient imaging features of these bowel conditions to help guide management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1280-1290
Number of pages11
JournalPediatric radiology
Volume48
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bowel
  • Children
  • Graft-versus-host disease
  • Infection
  • Magnetic resonance enterography
  • Mass
  • Neurofibroma
  • Polyp

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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