MRI in the assessment of adipose tissues and muscle composition: How to use it

Florian Alexander Huber, Filippo Del Grande, Stefania Rizzo, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Roman Guggenberger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Body composition analysis based on the characterization of different tissue compartments is currently experiencing increasing attention by a broad range of medical disciplines for both clinical and research questions. However, body composition profiling (BCP) can be performed utilizing different modalities, which all come along with several technical and diagnostic strengths and limitations, respectively. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrates good soft tissue resolution, high contrast between fat and water, and is free from ionizing radiation. This review article represents an overview of imaging techniques for body composition assessment, focussing on qualitative and quantitative methods of assessing adipose tissue and muscles in MRI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1636-1649
Number of pages14
JournalQuantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Musculoskeletal system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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