OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and feasibility of MR-guided percutaneous nephrostomy of the nondilated contrast- enhanced upper urinary tract in a porcine model. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Six MR-guided percutaneous nephrostomies of the nondilated upper urinary tract were performed in four domestic farm pigs (body weight range, 20-25 kg) using a 0.2-T system. Ten minutes after IV administration of 0.2 mmol/kg of gadodiamide and 0.4 mg/kg of furosemide, a fast T1-weighted sequence was used to guide insertion of an 18-gauge MR-compatible needle into a predetermined calix. After confirmation of needle position using a turbo spin-echo T1- weighted sequence, a 0.035-inch catheter coated with superparamagnetic iron oxide was inserted during MR monitoring. Insertion was followed by tract dilatation and insertion of a 4-French sheath. The final position of the sheath was confirmed by injection of diluted superparamagnetic iron oxide into the collecting system. RESULTS. Needle insertion was successful for all six procedures, with no complications. Instrumentation time ranged from 4 to 13 min (mean, 6 ± 4 min). Sheath placement was successful in five of six kidneys. Placement time ranged from 6 to 28 min (mean, 16 ± 9 min). CONCLUSION. MR-guided percutaneous nephrostomy of the nondilated contrast- enhanced upper urinary tract in a porcine model is feasible and safe.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging