Infection is a major complication of implantable medical devices, which provide a scaffold for biofilm formation, thereby reducing susceptibility to antibiotics and complicating treatment. Hematogenous implant-related infections following bacteremia are particularly problematic because they can occur at any time in a previously stable implant. Herein, we developed a model of hematogenous infection in which an orthopedic titanium implant was surgically placed in the legs of mice followed 3 wk later by an i.v. exposure to Staphylococcus aureus. This procedure resulted in a marked propensity for a hematogenous implant-related infection comprised of septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, and biofilm formation on the implants in the surgical legs compared with sham-operated surgical legs without implant placement and with contralateral nonoperated normal legs. Neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies against α-Toxin (AT) and clumping factor A (ClfA), especially in combination, inhibited biofilm formation in vitro and the hematogenous implant-related infection in vivo. Our findings suggest that AT and ClfA are pathogenic factors that could be therapeutically targeted against S. aureus hematogenous implant-related infections.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jun 27 2017|
- Staphylococcus aureus
ASJC Scopus subject areas