Motor Stereotypies

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


Stereotypic movements are ubiquitous, occur in a variety of forms, and exist in different populations, ranging from individuals with autism to typically developing children. Although such movements are required to be restricted, repetitive, and purposeless, their definition and included activities remain broad and imprecise. Movements are typically classified into 2 groups, primary (physiological) and secondary (pathological), depending upon the presence of additional signs or symptoms. Although some view these movements as behaviors produced to alter a state of arousal, there is increasing evidence to support a neurobiological mechanism. Behavioral and pharmacological therapies have been used with varying effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-81
Number of pages5
JournalSeminars in Pediatric Neurology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009


  • arm flapping/waving
  • head nodding
  • motor stereotypies
  • pathological
  • primary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


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