Motivators, Barriers, and Facilitators to Weight Loss and Behavior Change Among African American Adults in Baltimore City: A Qualitative Analysis

William H. Coe, Leslie Redmond, Jeanine M. Parisi, Janice V. Bowie, Elizabeth Y. Liu, Tin Yee Ng, Alberta M.A. Onyuka, Marcia Cort, Lawrence J. Cheskin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background African American adults achieve smaller amounts of weight loss than their white counterparts when exposed to the same intervention and are more likely to regain weight during long-term follow-up. Objective To identify perceived motivators, barriers, and facilitators to weight loss and behavior change among African American adults. Methods Two focus groups were conducted between April and May 2015 at an urban community health center in Baltimore City, Maryland. A total of 13 participants took part in the discussions. Eligible participants were obese (BMI 30+) African American adults aged 21–70 who had at least one obesity-related comorbidity. Discussion questions were designed to identify the personal, social, and environmental factors that influence weight loss and behavior change among urban minority populations. Results Statements were first classified as a motivator, barrier, or facilitator, then divided further as a personal, social, or environmental factor influencing weight loss and behavior change. Among the findings, several novel motivators (reducing or eliminating medication, improving physical intimacy) and barriers (personal transportation, lack of access to scales) emerged that were not previously characterized in the existing literature. Conclusions This study was intended to provide preliminary evidence that may be used to guide the development of innovative and culturally relevant weight-loss interventions in the future. Results are applicable to similar urban minority populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-85
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
Volume109
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2 2017

Keywords

  • African American
  • Focus groups
  • Obesity
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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