Motivational enhancement therapy for nicotine dependence in methadone-maintained pregnant women

Nancy A. Haug, Dace S. Svikis, Carlo DiClemente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pregnant women who are dependent on nicotine and illicit substances are at especially high risk for health complications and psychosocial problems. Motivational enhancement therapy (MET) for reducing smoking during pregnancy was compared with standard-care practitioner advice in a 2-group randomized design. Participants were 63 pregnant opioid-dependent smokers seeking substance abuse treatment, methadone maintenance, and prenatal care. At a 10-week follow-up, self-report and biological measures (i.e., CO, cotinine) indicated no differences in smoking between the MET and standard-care groups. However, MET participants were more likely to have moved forward on the stage of change continuum than those in standard care. Intensive treatment for nicotine dependence, environmental interventions, and innovative harm reduction strategies are recommended to address the barriers to quitting observed in this population of pregnant women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-292
Number of pages4
JournalPsychology of Addictive Behaviors
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Tobacco Use Disorder
Methadone
Pregnant Women
Smoking
Harm Reduction
Therapeutics
Cotinine
Prenatal Care
Carbon Monoxide
Nicotine
Self Report
Opioid Analgesics
Substance-Related Disorders
Pregnancy
Health
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Motivational enhancement therapy for nicotine dependence in methadone-maintained pregnant women. / Haug, Nancy A.; Svikis, Dace S.; DiClemente, Carlo.

In: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 18, No. 3, 09.2004, p. 289-292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Haug, Nancy A. ; Svikis, Dace S. ; DiClemente, Carlo. / Motivational enhancement therapy for nicotine dependence in methadone-maintained pregnant women. In: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 2004 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 289-292.
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