Motivating factors for academic physicians within departments of medicine

Scott M. Wright, Brent W. Beasley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To understand what motivates academic physicians at a time when physician dissatisfaction is prevalent. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Of a cohort of 480 physician faculty members (identified from the Association of American Medical Colleges faculty roster) hired at the assistant professor level, 183 were monitored prospectively for a characterization of their success in achieving promotion. In mid-2001, follow-up data ware collected about the factors that physicians described as motivating in their work. We conducted this study to understand the differences in motivators between clinician-educators and clinician-investigators and between male and female physicians, as well as to validate a previously used instrument developed to assess motivation and occupational values. RESULTS: Of 183 physicians monitored, 144 (79%) responded to an interim follow-up questionnaire. Factor analysis revealed that physicians' occupational motivators could he grouped statistically into 3 factors, self-expression, helping others, and extrinsic rewards. Compared with clinician-educators, clinician-investigators were more motivated in their current work by having the ability to express themselves (composite factor score, 4.30 vs 3.84; P<.001). Clinician-investigators also rated 4 of the 6 items within the factor of self-expression as being significantly stronger motivators for them than did the clinician-educators. Compared with male physicians, female physicians indicated they were more motivated by helping others (composite factor score, 4.18 vs 3.89; P=.03). CONCLUSIONS: Factors that motivate physicians appear to be different for clinician-investigators and clinician-educators as well as for male and female physicians. Understanding the inspiration for physicians may help medical leadership to better motivate and relate to their physician workforce.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1145-1150
Number of pages6
JournalMayo Clinic proceedings
Volume79
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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