Purpose: To develop and test an automatic free-breathing, delayed enhancement imaging method with improved image signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Materials and Methods: The proposed approach uses free-breathing, inversion-recovery single-shot fast imaging with steady precession (FISP) delayed-enhancement with respiratory motion compensation based on nonrigid image registration. Motion-corrected averaging is used to enhance SNR. Results: Fully automatic, nonrigid registration was compared to previously validated rigid body registration that required user interaction. The performance was measured using the variance of edge positions in intensity profiles through the myocardial infarction (MI) enhanced region and through the right ventricular (RV) wall. Measured variation of the MI edge was 1.16 ± 0.71 mm (N = 6 patients; mean ± SD) for rigid body and 1.08 ± 0.76 mm for nonrigid registration (no significant difference). On the other hand, significant improvement (P <0.005) was found in the measurements at the RV edge where the SD was 2.06 ± 0.56 mm for rigid body and 0.59 ± 0.22 mm for nonrigid registration. Conclusion: The proposed approach achieves delayed enhancement images with high resolution and SNR without requiring a breathhold. Motion correction of free-breathing delayed-enhancement imaging using nonrigid image registration may be implemented in a fully automatic fashion and performs uniformly well across the full field of view (FOV).
- Delayed enhancement
- Motion correction
- Myocardial infarction
- Nonrigid registration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology