Mosaic FMR1 deletion causes fragile X syndrome and can lead to molecular misdiagnosis: A case report and review of the literature

Bradford Coffee, Morna Ikeda, Dejan B Budimirovic, Lawrence N. Hjelm, Walter E. Kaufmann, Stephen T. Warren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The most common cause of fragile X syndrome is expansion of a CGG trinucleotide repeat in the 5′UTR of FMR1. This expansion leads to transcriptional silencing of the gene. However, other mutational mechanisms, such as deletions of FMR1, also cause fragile X syndrome. The result is the same for both the expansion mediated silencing and deletion, absence of the gene product, FMRP. We report here on an 11-year-old boy with a cognitive and behavioral profile with features compatible with, but not specific to, fragile X syndrome. A mosaic deletion of 1,013,395 bp was found using high-density X chromosome microarray analysis followed by sequencing of the deletion breakpoints. We review the literature of FMR1 deletions and present this case in the context of other FMR1 deletions having mental retardation that may or may not have the classic fragile X phenotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1358-1367
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume146
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 15 2008

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Keywords

  • Deletion
  • Fragile X syndrome
  • Mental retardation
  • Mosaic
  • Social anxiety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)

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