Mortality rates during cholera Epidemic, Haiti, 2010-2011

Francisco J. Luquero, Marc Rondy, Jacques Boncy, André Munger, Helmi Mekaoui, Ellen Rymshaw, Anne Laure Page, Brahima Toure, Marie Amelie Degail, Sarala Nicolas, Francesco Grandesso, Maud Ginsbourger, Jonathan Polonsky, Kathryn P. Alberti, Mego Terzian, David Olson, Klaudia Porten, Iza Ciglenecki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The 2010 cholera epidemic in Haiti was one of the largest cholera epidemics ever recorded. To estimate the magnitude of the death toll during the first wave of the epidemic, we retrospectively conducted surveys at 4 sites in the northern part of Haiti. Overall, 70,903 participants were included; at all sites, the crude mortality rates (19.1-35.4 deaths/1,000 person-years) were higher than the expected baseline mortality rate for Haiti (9 deaths/1,000 person- years). This finding represents an excess of 3,406 deaths (2.9-fold increase) for the 4.4% of the Haiti population covered by these surveys, suggesting a substantially higher cholera mortality rate than previously reported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)410-416
Number of pages7
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Epidemiology

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  • Cite this

    Luquero, F. J., Rondy, M., Boncy, J., Munger, A., Mekaoui, H., Rymshaw, E., Page, A. L., Toure, B., Degail, M. A., Nicolas, S., Grandesso, F., Ginsbourger, M., Polonsky, J., Alberti, K. P., Terzian, M., Olson, D., Porten, K., & Ciglenecki, I. (2016). Mortality rates during cholera Epidemic, Haiti, 2010-2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 22(3), 410-416. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2203.141970