Background: The short-term course of schizophrenia is reported to be better in some developing country settings. The long-term course in such settings, however, has rarely been studied. Aims: To examine the long-term course and mortality of schizophrenia in patients with a poor 2-year course. Method: The report is based on two incidence cohorts of first-contact patients in urban and rural Chandigarh, India, originally recruited for the World Health Organization Determinants of Outcome of Severe Mental Disorders study Patients were assessed using standardised instruments at 2- and 15-year follow-ups. Results: Ninety-two per cent of the patients with a poor 2-year course had a poor long-term course and 47% died - a nine times higher mortality rate than among patients with other 2-year course types. Conclusions: In this developing country setting, a poor 2-year course was strongly predictive of poor prognosis and high mortality, raising questions about the adequacy of care for such patients. Declaration of interest: None. Partial support detailed in acknowledgements.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health