An 8-year follow-up was conducted on a group of male alcoholics. Their mortality and illness records were examined. The number of observed deaths is 4.7 times that expected. The excess deaths appear to be due to causes frequently associated with alcoholism. Patient characteristics predictive of mortality are presented. Inpatient stays in general hospitals, for reasons other than alcoholism, totaled almost four times the duration expected. The relationships between drinking patterns and hospitalizations are studied. Clinical tests, which show improvement in response to abstinence, are suggested as positive reinforcers for patients in alcoholism treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Health(social science)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Psychiatry and Mental health