Morphology of ischemic acute renal failure, normal function, and cyclosporine toxicity in cyclosporine-treated renal allograft recipients

Kim Solez, Lorraine C. Racusen, Niels Marcussen, Irena Slatnik, Paul Keown, James F. Burdick, Steen Olsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To characterize morphologic changes in the early post-transplant period in cyclosporine-treated renal allograft recipients, we examined biopsies from three groups of cyclosporine-treated patients: normal function (N = 9), ischemic acute renal failure or "acute tubular necrosis" (N = 12), and cyclosporine toxicity (N = 7). Groups were compared with each other and with previously studied groups of azathioprine-treated patients and native kidney patients. The interstitial infiltrate commonly observed in normally functioning azathioprine-treated grafts was not observed in normally functioning cyclosporine-treated grafts, but two of nine such grafts had a significant venulitis, a change also seen in three of the patients with cyclosporine nephrotoxicity. "Acute tubular necrosis" (ATN) in cyclosporine-treated graft recipients was characterized by focal necrosis of complete tubular cross sections, a finding normally rare in other types of ATN, and by shedding into the tubular lumen of tubular cells with non-pyknotic nuclei, a finding supporting our previous observation of detachment of viable tubular cells in ATN but not in the normal kidney. Hyaline arteriolar thickening was the only morphologic finding on biopsy which distinguished patients with cyclosporine nephrotoxicity from other groups. In summary, the morphologic changes observed in cyclosporine-treated renal allograft recipients with ATN or normal function are quite different from those observed in azathioprine-treated patients. Cyclosporine appears to enhance the tubular injury observed in ATN. Hyaline arteriolar thickening is the main distinguishing feature of cyclosporine nephrotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1058-1067
Number of pages10
JournalKidney international
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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