Morning-to-evening change in refraction, corneal curvature, and visual acuity 11 years after radial keratotomy in the prospective evaluation of radial keratotomy study

P. J. McDonnell, A. Nizam, M. J. Lynn, G. O. Waring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Previous reports demonstrate morning-to-evening changes in ophthalmic measurements at 3 months, 1 year, and 4 years after radial keratotomy. The authors determine whether diurnal change in refractive error persists 11 years after radial keratotomy surgery in the Prospective Evaluation of Radial Keratotomy (PERK) study. Methods: Seventy-one patients were examined in the morning and evening a mean of 11.1 ± 0.6 years (range, 10-12.7 years) after undergoing radial keratotomy under a standardized protocol using a diamond blade. Results: Between the morning and evening examinations, the mean change in the spherical equivalent of refraction was a 0.31 ± 0.58-diopter (D) increase in minus power in first eyes. Thirty-six (51%) eyes had an increase in minus power of the manifest refraction of 0.50 to 1.62 D; 22 (31%) had a change in refractive cylinder power of 0.50 to 1.25 D; 9 (13%) had a decrease in uncorrected visual acuity of two to seven Snellen lines; and 25 (35%) showed central corneal steepening measured by keratometry of 0.50 to 1.94 D. Two (3%) eyes lost two lines of spectacle- corrected visual acuity, whereas one (1%) eye gained two lines. In patients whose both eyes underwent surgery, a high degree of symmetry was observed in morning-to-evening refractive change. Conclusion: In some patients after radial keratotomy, morning-to-evening change of refraction and visual acuity persists for at least 11 years, although in most patients the magnitude of this change is small. Thus, diurnal fluctuation may be a permanent sequela of radial keratotomy in some individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-239
Number of pages7
JournalOphthalmology
Volume103
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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