Montreal Accord on patient-reported outcomes use series-paper 4: Patient-reported outcomes can inform clinical decision making in chronic care

Clifton Bingham, Vanessa K. Noonan, Claudine Auger, Debbie E. Feldman, Sara Ahmed, Susan J. Bartlett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Providing patient-centered health care requires that patient needs, preferences, and valued outcomes are more fully integrated into all decisions. Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures provide unique information from the patient perspective on overall health, symptoms, burden, and treatment response. Objective: We sought to describe applications of PROs in clinical settings and considerations for implementation from the perspectives of PRO researchers, clinicians, administrators, policy makers, and patients attending a multidisciplinary meeting. Discussion: Clinical applications of PROs include individual level use for medical decision making and aggregate use for comparative effectiveness research, program evaluation, quality improvement, and performance assessments. Considerations of feasibility on workflow impact and patient burden, display of results, and administration frequency are important. PROs with strong psychometric properties, actionable thresholds, and interpretable results should be selected. We provide current exemplars of PRO use in various clinical applications, initial lessons learned, and highlight conceptual, logistical, and consequential considerations of PRO data collection. A research agenda is proposed to address critical knowledge gaps. In conclusion, PROs can be used in clinical settings to support patient-centered care. This requires an assessment of feasibility in the intended setting of use, measurement considerations, and process measures to optimize integration and use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Clinical Epidemiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

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Keywords

  • Clinical practice
  • Patient care
  • Patient-centered outcomes
  • Patient-reported outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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