Monocyte-dependent, serum-borne suppressor of induction of lymphokine-activated killer cells in lymphocytes from melanoma patients

Kyogo Itoh, Neal R. Pellis, Charles M. Balch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Both phytohemagglutinin-induced cytotoxicity and recombinant-interleukin-2 (rIL-2)-induced lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) activity against noncultured melanoma cells were significantly reduced when peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with metastatic melanoma were incubated in RPMI medium 1640 and 10% autologous human serum instead of 10% fetal calf serum, while serum from either healthy donors or patients with primary melanoma did not affect the level of cytotoxicity. The serum-mediated suppression was not restricted by major histocompatibility complex and was time-dependent. Addition of 10% human serum from the patients with metastatic melanoma [HS-Pt(m)] to the culture of PBMC with rIL-2 at the same time or 1 day after incubation significantly inhibited LAK activity. However, addition of 10% HS-Pt(m) 2 or 3 days after incubation did not inhibit LAK activity. Incubation of PBMC for 2 h with a high dose (104 U/ml) of rIL-2 in the presence of 10% HS-Pt(m), followed by incubation in the absence of either rIL-2 or HS-Pt(m), did not affect LAK cell activity. These results suggest that HS-Pt(m) inhibits the early stage of LAK cell differentiation, rather than the binding of rIL-2 to PBMC or a later stage in the differentiation. In contrast to PBMC, monocyte-depleted peripheral blood lymphocytes exhibited comparable levels of LAK activity when cultured with rIL-2 either in 10% fetal calf serum, 10% human serum from healthy donors or 10% HS-Pt(m). Addition of purified autologous monocytes to the culture of monocyte-depleted peripheral blood lymphocytes with rIL-2 suppressed LAK cell induction when 10% HS-Pt(m) was present. Thus serum-mediated suppression of LAK cell induction is largely dependent on the presence of monocytes, which may produce a secondary inhibitor that acts on lymphocytes. Addition of indomethacin to the culture did not reverse this monocyte-dependent serum-mediated suppression in a majority of cases, suggesting that prostaglandin E2 does not have a major role in the suppression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-62
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Immunology Immunotherapy
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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