Monocyte- and natural killer cell-mediated spontaneous cytotoxicity against human noncultured solid tumor cells

Kyogo Itoh, Chris D. Platsoucas, Charles M. Balch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Unstimulated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy donors exhibited spontaneous cytotoxicity against noncultured solid tumor targets in a 12- to 24-hr 51Cr release or 111In release assay. Both purified monocytes (> 99% monocytes) and natural killer (NK)-enriched lymphocytes exhibited comparable levels of spontaneous cytotoxicity against fresh melanoma tumor targets. This cytotoxicity was observed under endotoxin-free conditions. NK-depleted lymphocytes did not lyse the melanoma targets. Culture supernatants of monocytes incubated with the melanoma tumor cells did not exhibit cytotoxic activity against these targets. Purified monocytes lacked NK activity against the K562 targets in a 4-hr 51Cr release assay. Treatment of the monocytes with anti-Leu 11b and anti-Leu7 monoclonal antibodies plus complement did not reduce monocyte-mediated lysis of the melanoma targets, demonstrating that contaminating NK cells, if any, were not responsible for the lysis of noncultured melanoma targets by monocytes. In contrast, Leu 11b+ NK cells were responsible for the lysis of the melanoma targets by NK-enriched lymphocytes. The addition of recombinant interferon-γ (rIFN-γ), but not lipopolysaccharide, into the 51Cr release assay or pretreatment of monocytes with rIFN-γ significantly increased their cytotoxicity against noncultured solid tumor cells. Monocytes cultured for 3 days with medium alone lost their cytotoxic activity. The addition of rIFN-γ from the beginning of these cultures prevented the loss of the cytotoxic activity of monocytes. In summary, both unstimulated monocytes and NK-enriched lymphocytes exhibit comparable levels of spontaneous cytotoxicity against fresh solid tumor targets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-500
Number of pages6
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume108
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Natural Killer Cells
Monocytes
Melanoma
Neoplasms
Lymphocytes
Interferons
Endotoxins
Lipopolysaccharides
Blood Cells
Monoclonal Antibodies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Immunology

Cite this

Monocyte- and natural killer cell-mediated spontaneous cytotoxicity against human noncultured solid tumor cells. / Itoh, Kyogo; Platsoucas, Chris D.; Balch, Charles M.

In: Cellular Immunology, Vol. 108, No. 2, 1987, p. 495-500.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{adfe8331d0a34a6898dcd94a8f99a2d1,
title = "Monocyte- and natural killer cell-mediated spontaneous cytotoxicity against human noncultured solid tumor cells",
abstract = "Unstimulated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy donors exhibited spontaneous cytotoxicity against noncultured solid tumor targets in a 12- to 24-hr 51Cr release or 111In release assay. Both purified monocytes (> 99{\%} monocytes) and natural killer (NK)-enriched lymphocytes exhibited comparable levels of spontaneous cytotoxicity against fresh melanoma tumor targets. This cytotoxicity was observed under endotoxin-free conditions. NK-depleted lymphocytes did not lyse the melanoma targets. Culture supernatants of monocytes incubated with the melanoma tumor cells did not exhibit cytotoxic activity against these targets. Purified monocytes lacked NK activity against the K562 targets in a 4-hr 51Cr release assay. Treatment of the monocytes with anti-Leu 11b and anti-Leu7 monoclonal antibodies plus complement did not reduce monocyte-mediated lysis of the melanoma targets, demonstrating that contaminating NK cells, if any, were not responsible for the lysis of noncultured melanoma targets by monocytes. In contrast, Leu 11b+ NK cells were responsible for the lysis of the melanoma targets by NK-enriched lymphocytes. The addition of recombinant interferon-γ (rIFN-γ), but not lipopolysaccharide, into the 51Cr release assay or pretreatment of monocytes with rIFN-γ significantly increased their cytotoxicity against noncultured solid tumor cells. Monocytes cultured for 3 days with medium alone lost their cytotoxic activity. The addition of rIFN-γ from the beginning of these cultures prevented the loss of the cytotoxic activity of monocytes. In summary, both unstimulated monocytes and NK-enriched lymphocytes exhibit comparable levels of spontaneous cytotoxicity against fresh solid tumor targets.",
author = "Kyogo Itoh and Platsoucas, {Chris D.} and Balch, {Charles M.}",
year = "1987",
doi = "10.1016/0008-8749(87)90231-0",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "108",
pages = "495--500",
journal = "Cellular Immunology",
issn = "0008-8749",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Monocyte- and natural killer cell-mediated spontaneous cytotoxicity against human noncultured solid tumor cells

AU - Itoh, Kyogo

AU - Platsoucas, Chris D.

AU - Balch, Charles M.

PY - 1987

Y1 - 1987

N2 - Unstimulated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy donors exhibited spontaneous cytotoxicity against noncultured solid tumor targets in a 12- to 24-hr 51Cr release or 111In release assay. Both purified monocytes (> 99% monocytes) and natural killer (NK)-enriched lymphocytes exhibited comparable levels of spontaneous cytotoxicity against fresh melanoma tumor targets. This cytotoxicity was observed under endotoxin-free conditions. NK-depleted lymphocytes did not lyse the melanoma targets. Culture supernatants of monocytes incubated with the melanoma tumor cells did not exhibit cytotoxic activity against these targets. Purified monocytes lacked NK activity against the K562 targets in a 4-hr 51Cr release assay. Treatment of the monocytes with anti-Leu 11b and anti-Leu7 monoclonal antibodies plus complement did not reduce monocyte-mediated lysis of the melanoma targets, demonstrating that contaminating NK cells, if any, were not responsible for the lysis of noncultured melanoma targets by monocytes. In contrast, Leu 11b+ NK cells were responsible for the lysis of the melanoma targets by NK-enriched lymphocytes. The addition of recombinant interferon-γ (rIFN-γ), but not lipopolysaccharide, into the 51Cr release assay or pretreatment of monocytes with rIFN-γ significantly increased their cytotoxicity against noncultured solid tumor cells. Monocytes cultured for 3 days with medium alone lost their cytotoxic activity. The addition of rIFN-γ from the beginning of these cultures prevented the loss of the cytotoxic activity of monocytes. In summary, both unstimulated monocytes and NK-enriched lymphocytes exhibit comparable levels of spontaneous cytotoxicity against fresh solid tumor targets.

AB - Unstimulated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy donors exhibited spontaneous cytotoxicity against noncultured solid tumor targets in a 12- to 24-hr 51Cr release or 111In release assay. Both purified monocytes (> 99% monocytes) and natural killer (NK)-enriched lymphocytes exhibited comparable levels of spontaneous cytotoxicity against fresh melanoma tumor targets. This cytotoxicity was observed under endotoxin-free conditions. NK-depleted lymphocytes did not lyse the melanoma targets. Culture supernatants of monocytes incubated with the melanoma tumor cells did not exhibit cytotoxic activity against these targets. Purified monocytes lacked NK activity against the K562 targets in a 4-hr 51Cr release assay. Treatment of the monocytes with anti-Leu 11b and anti-Leu7 monoclonal antibodies plus complement did not reduce monocyte-mediated lysis of the melanoma targets, demonstrating that contaminating NK cells, if any, were not responsible for the lysis of noncultured melanoma targets by monocytes. In contrast, Leu 11b+ NK cells were responsible for the lysis of the melanoma targets by NK-enriched lymphocytes. The addition of recombinant interferon-γ (rIFN-γ), but not lipopolysaccharide, into the 51Cr release assay or pretreatment of monocytes with rIFN-γ significantly increased their cytotoxicity against noncultured solid tumor cells. Monocytes cultured for 3 days with medium alone lost their cytotoxic activity. The addition of rIFN-γ from the beginning of these cultures prevented the loss of the cytotoxic activity of monocytes. In summary, both unstimulated monocytes and NK-enriched lymphocytes exhibit comparable levels of spontaneous cytotoxicity against fresh solid tumor targets.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0023224277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0023224277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0008-8749(87)90231-0

DO - 10.1016/0008-8749(87)90231-0

M3 - Article

C2 - 3113744

AN - SCOPUS:0023224277

VL - 108

SP - 495

EP - 500

JO - Cellular Immunology

JF - Cellular Immunology

SN - 0008-8749

IS - 2

ER -