Monitoring of internet forums to evaluate reactions to the introduction of reformulated oxycontin to deter abuse

Emily C. McNaughton, Paul M. Coplan, Ryan A. Black, Sarah E. Weber, Howard D. Chilcoat, Stephen F. Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Reformulating opioid analgesics to deter abuse is one approach toward improving their benefit-risk balance. To assess sentiment and attempts to defeat these products among difficult-to-reach populations of prescription drug abusers, evaluation of posts on Internet forums regarding reformulated products may be useful. A reformulated version of OxyContin (extended-release oxycodone) with physicochemical properties to deter abuse presented an opportunity to evaluate posts about the reformulation in online discussions. Objective: The objective of this study was to use messages on Internet forums to evaluate reactions to the introduction of reformulated OxyContin and to identify methods aimed to defeat the abuse-deterrent properties of the product. Methods: Posts collected from 7 forums between January 1, 2008 and September 30, 2013 were evaluated before and after the introduction of reformulated OxyContin on August 9, 2010. A quantitative evaluation of discussion levels across the study period and a qualitative coding of post content for OxyContin and 2 comparators for the 26 month period before and after OxyContin reformulation were conducted. Product endorsement was estimated for each product before and after reformulation as the ratio of endorsing-to-discouraging posts (ERo). Post-to-preintroduction period changes in ERos (ie, ratio of ERos) for each product were also calculated. Additionally, post content related to recipes for defeating reformulated OxyContin were evaluated from August 9, 2010 through September 2013. Results: Over the study period, 45, 936 posts related to OxyContin, 18, 685 to Vicodin (hydrocodone), and 23, 863 to Dilaudid (hydromorphone) were identified. The proportion of OxyContin-related posts fluctuated between 6.35 and 8.25 posts per 1000 posts before the reformulation, increased to 10.76 in Q3 2010 when reformulated OxyContin was introduced, and decreased from 9.14 in Q4 2010 to 3.46 in Q3 2013 in the period following the reformulation. The sentiment profile for OxyContin changed following reformulation; the post-to-preintroduction change in the ERo indicated reformulated OxyContin was discouraged significantly more than the original formulation (ratio of ERos=0.43, P

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Medical Internet Research
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Drug abuse
  • Epidemiology
  • Internet
  • Opioid analgesic
  • OxyContin
  • Prescription drug
  • Qualitative research
  • Social media
  • Surveillance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Medicine(all)

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