Monitoring cerebral blood flow pressure autoregulation in pediatric patients during cardiac surgery

Ken M. Brady, Jennifer O. Mytar, Jennifer Lee-Summers, Duke E. Cameron, Luca Vricella, Reid Thompson, Charles W. Hogue, R. Blaine Easley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Purpose-: The limits of cerebral blood flow-pressure autoregulation have not been adequately defined for pediatric patients. Mean arterial blood pressure below these limits might contribute to brain injury during cardiac surgery. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess a novel method of determining the lower limits of pressure autoregulation in pediatric patients supported with cardiopulmonary bypass. Methods-: A prospective, observational pilot study was conducted in children (n=54) undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass for correction of congenital heart defects. Cerebral oximetry index (COx) was calculated as a moving, linear correlation coefficient between slow waves of arterial blood pressure and cerebral oximetry measured with near-infrared spectroscopy. An autoregulation curve was constructed for each patient with averaged COx values sorted by arterial blood pressure. Results-: Hypotension was associated with increased values of COx (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1957-1962
Number of pages6
JournalStroke
Volume41
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

Fingerprint

Cerebrovascular Circulation
Oximetry
Thoracic Surgery
Arterial Pressure
Homeostasis
Pediatrics
Blood Pressure
Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
Congenital Heart Defects
Hypotension
Brain Injuries
Observational Studies
Pressure

Keywords

  • cerebrovascular pressure autoregulation
  • congenital heart disease
  • near-infrared spectroscopy
  • pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Monitoring cerebral blood flow pressure autoregulation in pediatric patients during cardiac surgery. / Brady, Ken M.; Mytar, Jennifer O.; Lee-Summers, Jennifer; Cameron, Duke E.; Vricella, Luca; Thompson, Reid; Hogue, Charles W.; Easley, R. Blaine.

In: Stroke, Vol. 41, No. 9, 09.2010, p. 1957-1962.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brady, Ken M. ; Mytar, Jennifer O. ; Lee-Summers, Jennifer ; Cameron, Duke E. ; Vricella, Luca ; Thompson, Reid ; Hogue, Charles W. ; Easley, R. Blaine. / Monitoring cerebral blood flow pressure autoregulation in pediatric patients during cardiac surgery. In: Stroke. 2010 ; Vol. 41, No. 9. pp. 1957-1962.
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