Molecular thermodynamic properties of protein solutions from partial specific volumes

P. E. Pjura, M. E. Paulaitis, A. M. Lenhoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Partial specific volumes at 25°C are reported for α‐chymotrypsinogen in aqueous solutions containing NaCl, citrate, and/or polyethylene gycol (PEG) over a range of protein concentrations. The concentration dependence of the partial specific volume can be either positive or negative, depending on the solvent. For example, the partial specific volume increases with increasing protein concentration in NaCl/citrate solutions at high salt concentrations, and decreases with increasing protein concentration in solutions containing PEG. Kirkwood‐Buff solution theory has been applied to interpret these results, and it was found that the concentration dependence is determined by two factors: (1) the effective or solvent‐averaged interactions between protein molecules in solution, and (2) three‐body protein – protein – solvent and protein – solvent ‐ solvent interactions. An approach is proposed for the experimental determination of both contributions that involves measuring osmotic pressures and volumetric properties of dilute to concentrated protein solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1005-1009
Number of pages5
JournalAIChE Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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