Molecular targets of dietary phytochemicals for possible prevention and therapy of uterine fibroids: Focus on fibrosis

Md Soriful Islam, Most Mauluda Akhtar, James H. Segars, Mario Castellucci, Pasquapina Ciarmela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Uterine fibroids (myomas or leiomyomas) are common benign tumors of reproductive aged women. Fibroids are clinically apparent in 20–50% of women, and cause abnormal uterine bleeding, abdominal pain and discomfort, pregnancy complications and infertility. Unfortunately, limited numbers of medical treatment are available but no effective preventive strategies exist. Moreover, the benefits of medical treatments are tempered by lack of efficacy or serious adverse side effects. Fibrosis has recently been recognized as a key pathological event in leiomyoma development and growth. It is defined by the excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM). ECM plays important role in making bulk structure of leiomyoma, and ECM-rich rigid structure is believed to be a cause of abnormal bleeding and pelvic pain/pressure. Dietary phytochemicals are known to regulate fibrotic process in different biological systems, and being considered as potential tool to manage human health. At present, very few dietary phytochemicals have been studied in uterine leiomyoma, and they are mostly known for their antiproliferative effects. Therefore, in this review, our aim was to introduce some dietary phytochemicals that could target fibrotic processes in leiomyoma. Thus, this review could serve as useful resource to develop antifibrotic drugs for possible prevention and treatment of uterine fibroids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3583-3600
Number of pages18
JournalCritical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Volume57
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 22 2017

Keywords

  • Uterine leiomyoma
  • growth factors
  • hypoxia
  • inflammation
  • mechanotransduction
  • oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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