Molecular species analysis of mitogen-stimulated 1,2-diglycerides in fibroblasts. Comparison of α-thrombin, epidermal growth factor, and platelet-derived growth factor

M. S. Pessin, J. J. Baldassare, D. M. Raben

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Abstract

Recent studies have implicated the hydrolysis of phosphoinositides and phosphatidylcholine in agonist-stimulated events. The potent mitogen, α-thrombin, stimulates the generation of diglycerides in a biphasic and sustained manner in IIC9 fibroblasts (Wright, T.M., Rangan, L.A., Shin, H.S., and Raben, D.M. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 9374-9380). Using measurements of radiolabeled headgroup release and molecular species analysis, we previously determined that α-thrombin generates diglycerides through the hydrolysis of both the phosphoinositides and phosphatidylcholine at early times (15 s), and at later times (≥ 5 min) through the hydrolysis of primarily, if not exclusively, phosphatidylcholine (Pessin, M.S., and Raben, D.M. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 8729-8738). In contrast, IIC9 fibroblasts respond to the mitogenic treatments of (a) α-thrombin following chymotrypsin pretreatment or (b) epidermal growth factor by increasing their levels of diglycerides in a monophasic and sustained manner (Wright, T.M., Rangan, L.A., Shin, H.S., and Raben, D.M. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 9374-9380). In this report, we have analyzed the molecular species of the diglycerides generated by these two different treatments and have also examined the lipid response of IIC9 fibroblasts to platelet-derived growth factor. Based on both the molecular species analyses and the release of radiolabeled head-groups, all three of these different mitogenic treatments generate diglycerides primarily through the stimulation of phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis. However, while similar, the molecular species profiles of the diglycerides generated by these three treatments are not identical to the molecular species profile of total cellular phosphatidylcholine. In addition, the molecular species profiles of the diglycerides generated by these three mitogenic treatments greatly resemble each other, with significant differences between any two profiles occurring in at most one molecular species. This finding differs from that seen with α-thrombin stimulation alone, where the molecular species profile of the diglycerides generated following 5 min of α-thrombin stimulation is nearly identical to the molecular species profile of total cellular phosphatidylcholine. These data support the possibility of hormone-sensitive phosphatidylcholine pools or selective diglyceride metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7959-7966
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number14
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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