Molecular Motor KIF17 Is Fundamental for Memory and Learning via Differential Support of Synaptic NR2A/2B Levels

Xiling Yin, Yosuke Takei, Mizuho A. Kido, Nobutaka Hirokawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Kinesin superfamily motor protein 17 (KIF17) is a candidate transporter of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunit 2B (NR2B). Disruption of the murine kif17 gene inhibits NR2B transport, accompanied by decreased transcription of nr2b, resulting in a loss of synaptic NR2B. In kif17-/- hippocampal neurons, the NR2A level is also decreased because of accelerated ubiquitin-proteasome system-dependent degradation. Accordingly, NMDA receptor-mediated synaptic currents, early and late long-term potentiation, long-term depression, and CREB responses are attenuated in kif17-/- neurons, concomitant with a hippocampus-dependent memory impairment in knockout mice. In wild-type neurons, CREB is activated by synaptic inputs, which increase the levels of KIF17 and NR2B. Thus, KIF17 differentially maintains the levels of NR2A and NR2B, and, when synapses are stimulated, the NR2B/KIF17 complex is upregulated on demand through CREB activity. These KIF17-based mechanisms for maintaining NR2A/2B levels could underlie multiple phases of memory processes in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-325
Number of pages16
JournalNeuron
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 28 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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