Molecular motions and membrane organization and function

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This chapter describes the motions of membrane molecules over time scales of 10-12 s to a few seconds and over distance scales from 10-9 to 10-4 cm. The smaller-scale motions are the most readily understood. Flexing of acyl chains, local disorder of membrane lipids, allows the conformational changes in membrane proteins required for their functioning. Motions on this scale are probed directly in magnetic resonance experiments and indirectly when enzyme or receptor activity is changed by changes in membrane lipid composition and apparent viscosity. Membrane lipid viscosity appears to affect movements of membrane proteins on distance scales from 10 nm (a few molecular diameters) to 1000 nm or so. Rotational diffusion of membrane proteins is in fair agreement with expectations from the size of the proteins and the local viscosity of membrane lipids. In contrast, diffusion of membrane proteins laterally over long distances is often much slower than anticipated from lipid viscosity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-82
Number of pages46
JournalNew Comprehensive Biochemistry
Volume1
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Molecular motions and membrane organization and function'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this