Molecular cloning, expression, and functional significance of a cytochrome P450 highly expressed in rat heart myocytes

Shu Wu, Weina Chen, Elizabeth Murphy, Scott Gabel, Kenneth B. Tomer, Julie Foley, Charles Steenbergen, John R. Falck, Cindy R. Moomaw, Darryl C. Zeldin

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202 Scopus citations


A cDNA encoding a P450 monooxygenase was amplified from reverse transcribed rat heart and liver total RNA by polymerase chain reaction using primers based on the 5'- and 3'-end sequences of two rat pseudogenes, CYP2J3P1 and CYP2J3P2. Sequence analysis revealed that this 1,778-base pair cDNA contained an open reading frame and encoded a new 502 amine acid protein designated CYP2J3. Based on the deduced amino acid sequence, CYP2J3 was approximately 70% homologous to both human CYP2J2 and rabbit CYP2J1. Recombinant CYP2J3 protein was co-expressed with NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase in SP9 insect cells using a baculovirus expression system. Microsomal fractions of CYP2J3/NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase- transfected cells metabolized arachidonic acid to 14,15-, 11,12-, and 8,9- epoxyeicosatrienoic acids and 19-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid as the principal reaction products (catalytic turnover, 0.2 nmol of product/nmol of cytochrome P450/min at 37 °C). Immunoblotting of microsomal fractions prepared from rat tissues using a polyclonal antibody raised against recombinant CYP2J2 that cross-reacted with CYP2J3 but not with other known rat P450s demonstrated abundant expression of CYP2J3 protein in heart and liver. Immunohistochemical staining of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded rat heart tissue sections using the anti-CYP2J2 IgG and avidin-biotin-peroxidase detection localized expression of CYP2J3 primarily to atrial and ventricular myocytes. In an isolated-perfused rat heart model, 20 min of global ischemia followed by 40 min of reflow resulted in recovery of only 44 ± 6% of base- line contractile function. The addition of 5 μM 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid to the perfusate prior to global ischemia resulted in a significant 1.6- fold improvement in recovery of cardiac contractility (69 ± 5% of base line, p = 0.01 versus vehicle alone). Importantly, neither 14,15- epoxyeicosatrienoic acid nor 19-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid significantly improved functional recovery following global ischemia, demonstrating the specificity of the biological effect for the 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid regioisomer. Based on these data, we conclude that (α) CYP2J3 is one of the predominant enzymes responsible for the oxidation of endogenous arachidonic acid pools in rat heart myocytes and (b) 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid may play an important functional role in the response of the heart to ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12551-12559
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number19
StatePublished - May 9 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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