Modulation of the biologic activities of IgE-binding factor. IV. Identification of glycosylation-enhancing factor as a kallikrein-like enzyme

M. Iwata, J. J. Munoz, K. Ishizaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Stimulation of normal rat splenic T cells with pertussigen (lymphocytosis-promoting factor, LPF, from Bordetella pertussis) resulted in the release of a soluble factor that enhanced the glycosylation of IgE-binding factors during their biosynthesis. The soluble factor was detected by the ability of a culture filtrate of LPF-stimulated spleen cells to switch a T cell hybridoma, 23A4, from the formation of unglycosylated IgE-binding factor to the formation of glycosylated IgE-binding factor. The glycosylation-enhancing factor (GEF) had affinity for D-galactose, and the binding of the factor to hybridoma cells via a cell surface galactose was essential for modulation of IgE-binding factors. The GEF was inactivated by irreversible inhibitors of serine proteases such as phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride, diisopropylfluorophosphate, and p-nitrophenyl ethylpentylphosphonate but was not affected by nonphosphorylating analogues of the organophosphorus compounds. Benzamidine, a competitive and reversible inhibitor of trypsin, also inhibited the glycosylation of IgE-binding factors by GEF. The factor could be purified by absorption to p-aminobenzamidine agarose followed by elution with benzamidine. The capacity of GEF to enhance the glycosylation of IgE-binding factors was inhibited by synthetic substrates of trypsin but not by substrates of chymotrypsin, indicating that GEF is a trypsin-like enzyme. Indeed, trypsin, plasmin, and kallikrein enhanced the glycosylation of IgE-binding factors during their biosynthesis. An inhibitor of trypsin-like enzyme(s), N-α-p-tosyl-L-lysine chloromethylketone (TLCK), inhibited trypsin and plasmin but not kallikrein, and TLCK failed to inhibit the GEF-mediated enhancement of glycosylation. It was also found that bradykinin, the biologically active product of cleavage of kininogen by kallikrein, enhanced the glycosylation of IgE-binding factors. The results indicate that GEF is a kallikrein-like enzyme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1954-1960
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume131
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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