Modulation of serine proteinases and metalloproteinases during morphogenic glial-endothelial interactions

Jasti S. Rao, Raymond Sawaya, Ziya L. Gokaslan, W. K.Alfred Yung, Gary W. Goldstein, John Laterra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The regulation of microvessel formation and the expression of CNS- specific endothelial properties are attributed to perivascular astroglia. Specific proteolytic pathways mediate processes such as tissue remodeling, differentiation, invasion, and metastasis. We used a coculture system in which C6 glial cells induce CNS microvascular endothelial cells to form capillary-like structures to examine the role of plasminogen activators and collagenases in CNS microvessel morphogenesis. Fibrin zymography revealed the presence of high-molecular weight urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), low-molecular weight uPA, and uPA/inhibitor complexes within endothelial cultures and cocultures. Gelatin zymography revealed the presence of 92-, 72- , and 62-kDa type IV collagenases within endothelial cultures and cocultures. uPA activity was confirmed by incubating the extracts with amiloride, an inhibitor of uPA. Collagenase activity was confirmed by incubating the gels with EDTA, an inhibitor of metalloproteinases. Quantitative densitometry showed a six- to eightfold decrease in coculture uPA during capillary-like structure formation. Substantially less change in type IV 72-kDa procollagenase activity was seen in cocultures during capillary-like structure formation, but active type IV 62-kDa collagenase activity was significantly increased during capillary-like structure formation. These findings establish that uPA and activated type IV collagenase activity specifically regulates morphogenic endothelial responses to glial interactions and suggest mechanisms by which microvessels respond within the CNS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1657-1664
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume66
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 1996

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Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Collagenases
  • Fibrinolysis
  • Plasminogen activator inhibitors
  • Plasminogen activators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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