To investigate the effect of low density lipoprotein (LDL) heterogeneity on the conformation of LDL apolipoprotein B (apo-B), the immunoreactivities of 6 monoclonal antibodies against LDL apo-B were measured in 3 LDL subfractions isolated by equilibrium density gradient ultracentrifugation. To ensure a broad range of LDL particles, the LDL subfractions were prepared from normal subjects and patients with hyperapobetalipoproteinemia. With 3 of the antibodies, 1D1, 5E11, and 3A10, LDL fractions 1 (the most buoyant), 2 (the intermediate), and 3 (the densest) were equally immunoreactive and competed similarly with reference whole LDL. In contrast, with 3 other antibodies, 2D8, 3F5, and 4G3, fraction 1 was significantly more reactive than fraction 3; that is for each in turn, 290, 250, and 150% more of the densest LDL protein was required to achieve the same displacement as with fraction 1. Further, the immunoreactivities of the 3 LDL fractions with antibodies 2D8, 3F5, and 4G3 were negatively correlated with their LDL cholesterol to LDL protein ratio with r values of 0.727, 0.898, and 0.870, respectively, suggesting that as LDL particle size decreases, the conformation of the LDL apo-B changes progressively. It is of interest that the antigenic determinants recognized by 3F5 and 4G3 are close to the LDL receptor recognition site on LDL apo-B. Therefore, it is possible that the reduced immunoreactivity of these determinants in dense LDL may be the in vitro correlate of the reduced fractional catabolics rate of dense LDL compared to buoyant LDL previously observed in vivo.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology