Modifiable Risk Factors for Major Non-communicable Diseases Among Medical Students in Nepal

Shiva Raj Mishra, Dinesh Neupane, Aditya Shakya, Samaj Adhikari, Per Kallestrup

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of modifiable risk factors of the major non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among medical students. A cross sectional study was conducted at three randomly selected medical colleges in the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. All third-year medical students (n = 191) participated in the study. A total of 62.3 % of the respondents were male, and 37.7 % were female. The mean age of the respondents was 21.5 ± 1.0 (SD) years. A total of 20.4 % (n = 39) of the medical students were current tobacco users and 50.8 % (n = 97) have ever consumed alcohol. The majority (85.6 %) of the medical students did not consume the daily recommended amount of fruits and vegetables. A total of 30.9 % (n = 59) of the medical students were involved in low level of physical activity and 42.9 % (n = 82) were involved in moderate level of physical activity. This study showed a high prevalence of risk factors of major NCDs among medical students and interventions are needed to change the unhealthy behaviour of medical students being role models in society.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)863-868
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Community Health
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 4 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Cross sectional studies
  • Medical students
  • Nepal
  • Non-communicable diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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