Modern concepts concerning the origin of the heartbeat

Oliver Monfredi, Victor A. Maltsev, Edward G. Lakatta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Physiological processes governing the heart beat have been under investigation for several hundred years. Major advances have been made in the recent past. A review of the present paradigm is presented here, including a look back at important steps that led us to where we are today, alongside a glimpse into the exciting future of pacemaker research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-92
Number of pages19
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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