Moderate reduction of γ-secretase attenuates amyloid burden and limits mechanism-based liabilities

Tong Li, Hongjin Wen, Cory Brayton, Fiona M. Laird, Guojun Ma, Shiwen Peng, Lisa Placanica, T. C. Wu, Barbara J. Crain, Donald L. Price, Charles G. Eberhart, Philip C. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although γ-secretase is recognized as a therapeutic target for Alzheimer's disease, side effects associated with strong inhibition of this aspartyl protease raised serious concerns regarding this therapeutic strategy. However, it is not known whether moderate inhibition of this enzyme will allow dissociation of beneficial effects in the CNS from mechanism-based toxicities in the periphery. We tested this possibility by using a series of mice with genetic reduction of γ-secretase (levels ranging from 25 to 64% of control mice). Here, we document that even30%reduction of γ-secretase can effectively ameliorate amyloid burden in the CNS. However, global reduction of this enzyme below a threshold level increased the risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma as well as abnormal proliferation of granulocytes in a γ-secretase dosage-dependent manner. Importantly, we demonstrate that there exists a critical γ-secretase level that reduces the risk of amyloidosis in the CNS and limits tumorigenesis in epithelia. Our findings suggest that moderate inhibition of γ-secretase represents an attractive anti-amyloid therapy for Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10849-10859
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume27
Issue number40
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 2007

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Aβ amyloidosis
  • Notch
  • Splenomegaly
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • γ-secretase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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