Modelling and dosimetry for alpha-particle therapy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

As a consequence of the high potency and short range of alpha-particles, radiopharmaceutical therapy with alpha-particle emitting radionuclides is a promising treatment approach that is under active pre-clinical and clinical investigation. To understand and predict the biological effects of alpha-particle radiopharmaceuticals, dosimetry is required at the micro or multi-cellular scale level. At such a scale, highly non-uniform irradiation of the target volume may be expected and the utility of a single absorbed dose value to predict biological effects comes into question. It is not currently possible to measure the pharmacokinetic input required for micro scale dosimetry in humans. Accordingly, pre-clinical studies are required to provide the pharmacokinetic data for dosimetry calculations. The translation of animal data to the human requires a pharmacokinetic model that links macro-and micro-scale pharmacokinetics thereby enabling the extrapolation of micro-scale kinetics from macroscopic measurements. These considerations along with a discussion of the appropriate physical quantity and related units for alpha-particle radiopharmaceutical therapy are examined in this review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-265
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Radiopharmaceuticals
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Alpha-particles
  • Dosimetry
  • Microdosimetry
  • Modelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pharmacology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Modelling and dosimetry for alpha-particle therapy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this