Model of competitive binding of vascular endothelial growth factor and placental growth factor to VEGF receptors on endothelial cells

Feilim Mac Gabhann, Aleksander S. Popel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Placental growth factor (P1GF) competes with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for binding to VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-1 but does not bind VEGFR2. Experiments show that P1GF can augment the response to VEGF in pathological angiogenesis and in models of endothelial cell survival, migration, and proliferation. This synergy has been hypothesized to be due to a combination of the following: signaling by P1GF through VEGFR1 and displacement of VEGF from VEGFR1 to VEGFR2 by P1GF, causing increased signaling through VEGFR2. In this study, the relative contribution of P1GF-induced VEGF displacement to the synergy is quantified using a mathematical model of ligand-receptor binding to examine the effect on ligand-receptor complex formation of VEGF and P1GF acting together. Parameters specific to the VEGF-P1GF system are used based on existing data. The model is used to simulate in silico a specific in vitro experiment in which VEGF-P1GF synergy is observed. We show that, whereas a significant change in the formation of endothelial surface growth factor-VEGFR1 complexes is predicted in the presence of P1GF, the increase in the number of VEGFR2-containing signaling complexes is less significant; these results were shown to be robust to significant variation in the kinetic parameters of the model. Synergistic effects observed in that experiment thus appear unlikely to be due to VEGF displacement but to a shift from VEGF-VEGFR1 to P1GF-VEGFR1 complexes and an increase in total VEGFR1 complexes. These results suggest that VEGFR1 signaling can be functional in adult-derived endothelial cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H153-H164
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume286
Issue number1 55-1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Kinetics
  • Mathematical or computational model
  • Receptor-ligand interactions
  • Synergy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Model of competitive binding of vascular endothelial growth factor and placental growth factor to VEGF receptors on endothelial cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this